Security informational articles

Web and laptop defense - defense


Well, if that would have been said to me by my minister when I was 2 years of age, I would have understood. But when today, my own mainframe tells me that when I am 34, I awe why I spent $1500 on my central processing unit hardware and software just to enjoy the (un-realized) remuneration of this great and revolutionary in order technology?

Today’s cyberspace is hazardous. None of today’s PC users can claim that they never had a cpu virus issue or a PC guarantee breach. Now, if you count today’s amount of PC users worldwide, they will soon be 1 billion by 2010 according to analysts. When I see all the laptop viruses, infections, trojans, and what not about me, and contrast it with the 1 billion childlike laptop users about the world, I basically feel sorry not only for those billion users but for in my opinion too. But again, as a collective user myself, I must admit it was not all doomsday for the whole activity since 1987 when I on track to use computers. So, as a accountable appendage of this great IT revolution, I must share some of the best tips and tricks that I cultured to use to make the bare minimum room for productivity on my computer.

Please note this is a tutorial for a big shot who has basic know-how of cpu usage. For those who are newbies, I would commend asking a local expert’s help ahead of annoying no matter which out mentioned in this tutorial. In that case, make room for payment from deep pocket. For your own convenience, print this tutorial for step-by-step instructions.

Whenever my laptop is infected, I act on any of the subsequent options;

1. Configure HARD DISK: I back up all of my data on a CD-Writer if it is still accessible. And then design the whole hard disk drive and re-install each and every application.

2. USE SOFTWARE: I exhaust all anti-virus and other software options. This is commonly my first priority as compared to formatting the whole central processing unit hard disk drives.

Now, let me describe both options in detail;

PRE-REQUISITES: Make sure you have a CD-Drive (Writer), empty writable CDs, Windows OS CD (bootable) that contains files such as Format. exe, Scandisk. exe, FDisk. exe, and Attrib. exe files. Microsoft Bureau CD, Anti-Virus CD, GoldenHawk CD Journalism Software in DOS (copy2cd. exe and cdtools. exe), Consecutive Facts of your License, Driver CDs of Motherboard, VGA, Network, Sound and Modem devices. Optionally, download (using www. download. com or www. tucows. com) these software from any Internet Café when your own mainframe is inaccessible and save it on a CD so that you can use it anytime for guarantee purposes;

Golden Hawk DOS based CD Copy Software

HTech Fireman Windows based CD Inscription Software

Driver Genius Pro

Partition Magic

AVG AntiVirus

SpywareBlaster & SpywareGuard

Spybot Explore & Destroy




HiJackThis & CWShredder

I have intentionally avoided declare of many commercially good and more open software’s bring up here as I sought after the lot to do FREE not including any added costs apart from the usual OS licenses. For your own convenience, you can examine Google or Yahoo exploration engines find additional in rank about such advertisement software and their availability / pricing.

1. Configure HARD DISK

I know it is agonizing and surgical type of solution, but sometimes, it is the ONLY elucidation left after exhausting all of our labors to bring round our mainframe apparatus after a virus attack. Adhere to this procedure;

Booting Up: Try booting your laptop as usual first and see if you can login easily. If you can’t or your mainframe hangs up, try land F8 key when early Windows and you will get the Safe Mode. Even if you don’t get the Safe Mode, don’t worry.

Power up your laptop and press DEL key or F2 key to login your CMOS. In CMOS, go to Boot Preferences and make CD Drive as boot drive as your first boot drive and alteration the hard disk drive as the back up boot drive. If you don’t see your CD Drive in the boot-up options, your CD Drive is not appropriately installed. Check the connectors or ask your CD Drive giver for advice to establish the CD Drive. Now, when your CD Drive is ready, append your Windows OS CD in the CD Drive and regenerate your mainframe machine. When prompted, choice the opportunity “Boot from CD with CD Option”. When you get the prompt, Advertisement the CD Drive dispatch that was allocated to your CD Drive when it installed the CD Driver. It is commonly D: drive or the last drive correspondence depending on the amount of your partitions. Note it down as it is the definite drive dispatch where you will have to type a DOS be in charge like d:

You ought to now be able to run all software utilities such as Format, Scandisk, FDisk or Windows Installation Setup. exe files. Right now, austerely make sure they exist by typing a DOS be in charge dir at the CD drive letter. If you don’t find it with this clean almanac command, use dir/s filename to exploration the file. For example, to examination fdisk. exe file, type dir/s fdisk. exe.

BACKING UP YOUR DATA: Ahead of formatting your hard disk drive, delight make sure you have appropriate back up of your crucial data files such as Microsoft Word, Excel, Powerpoint, etc files on a CD or any other media for help that you have admittance to. In this tutorial, we believe you have a CD-Writer installed for attractive backups on Writeable CDs. Their capability is as a rule 700MB or less. Here, you ought to critically care about using Zipping software like WinZip or WinRAR.

VIA WINDOWS: If you can luckily login to your Windows OS, you must run the CD-Writer software such as HTech Fireman to back up all of your data on an empty CD. If you don’t know how to do it, read their user guide for exhaustive direction set. If you can’t approach your Windows OS, read on.

VIA DOS: Some of the files that you wish to make back-up, may be hidden. To un-hide them, use attrib *. * +r +s +h.

Now, use the software from Fair Hawk file named as copy2cd. exe to encouragement your data files or directories on a writeable CD. Beforehand using this command, make sure you are in an apposite path on the cpu such as E:/ where the authentic file copy2cd. exe file resides;

Copy2cd c:data*. * f:

Here we tacit that f: is a CD Author drive. Now, duplicate the same for all of your files to back up. When finished, run cdtools. exe be in charge i. e. cdtools f: to bring to a close by selecting choice “Disc Finalization”.

If you can’t back up your data using the above-mentioned procedure, any ask an exterior expert’s help for myself or via internet. If all fails, fail to remember your data ceaselessly and carry on installing a new OS as mentioned in this tutorial.

Backing up Your Drivers: An appealing tool to mentioned here is a software that inevitably backs up all of your drivers of CD, modem, sound card, vga, usb, laser copier or just about no matter which that is presently installed on your system. But this software works only in an operational windows OS, and not in DOS. It is a good and time-saving custom to keep a backing of all of your drivers on a CD by using such a software. Its name is Driver Genius Pro and it is business software, not a freeware.

USING FDISK: You may skip this choice and go above-board to Formatting Hard Disk option, if you wish to use other convenient partitions that may control your data. Beforehand going ahead with this option, Make sure there is no beneficial data left on your cpu to be backed up. This alternative will obliterate all of the central processing unit partitions and coin new ones.

i) Boot up your mainframe using Windows OS CD.

ii) Run this command fdisk

iii) Press choice 3 to obliterate all existing partitions.

iv) To construct a new partition, cliquey choice 1 and decide on Y to come back with the greatest size distrust by the program.

v) Next, choice alternative 2

vi) Press Esc key to quit and reopen your cpu to

See the URL http://www. compguystechweb. com/troubleshooting/fdisk/fdisk_scr. html for complete directions alongwith screenshots. Now, that you have produced the chief partition, you can carry on to design the newly produced partition. There is a very user-friendly but advertisement software called Partition Magic by PowerQuest to control your partitions by far after installation of Windows.

FORMATTING HARD DISK: Now that you have produced new partitions, It is time to configure them so that you can start installing Windows. This is how you make your C: drive usable by your Windows OS for installation. Boot up your mainframe with Windows CD and type design c: be in charge at the prompt. When prompted for ceiling size, press, YES. After accomplished doling out you will be obtainable with the doing well arrive about the formatting of the C: drive. Decide on your new drive name and press ENTER to finish.

INSTALLING WINDOWS: Microsoft has made it very easy for a newbie to ensconce a entirely new OS on a newly formatted partition. It is all wizard based and you easily have to click NEXT each time at any time asked a question. Boot up your laptop from the Windows CD and decide on Start with CD Option. When on DOS prompt, alteration to the CD Drive that it just fashioned which is as a rule d: if you have only one partition C. Now type appreciation setup. exe to start the windows installation process.

During installation, make sure you accurately name your PC as per your preferences and cliquey your regions and Time zone. When finished, the mainframe will re-boot and for the duration of next re-boot it may ask some drivers of your Sound Card, VGA, Network, or other campaign attached. Afford the requisite driver CDs and locate the paths of the apposite drivers. If you are not sure, leave it like that and press NEXT to ignore. When your windows installation is complete, you can bed in Microsoft Office, setup internet correlation and start using it as as usual as you would. Desire make sure you fit all the confidence software such as anti-virus, anti-spyware, adware, and other software as mentioned in the next section.


Installing Anti-Virus: Download free AVG Antivirus software and ensconce it. Make sure you get its free key from their website by registering. This software is not auto-updated for dangerous viruses and for an auto-update version, you will have to pay. If you wish to pay, we would counsel world’s most admired brands Symantec, McAfee and Trend Micros instead. No be of importance what Anti-Virus software you install, make sure you permit its Auto-Protect appear for computerized defense of your computer’s income and in-coming or out-going emails from any virus attack. Some software even allow you to setup silent detection and destruction exclusive of any disturbance to your work. Further, they are auto-updated via internet at the common distance that you setup. Hence, you can rest confident that at any time a defense menace is broaden all over the world, your software will inevitably download the requisite rationalized description and ensconce its argument on your computer.

BROWSER SECURITY: To setup your browser (Internet Voyager on Windows) for greatest guarantee adjacent to the usual threats, adhere to this procedure;

i) Start up your browser

ii) Go to IE > Tools > Windows Inform > Consequence Updates, and select Confidence Updates to be certainly updated. Microsoft releases patches and defense patches from time to time to make sure your system's defense is up-to-date.

iii) Now, go to Internet Options/Security/Internet, press 'default level', then OK. Now press "Custom Level. " In the ActiveX section, set the first two options ("Download signed and mysterious ActiveX controls) to 'prompt', and 'Initialize and Draft ActiveX gearshift not clear as safe" to 'disable'. Now you will be asked whether you want ActiveX items to be executed and whether you want software to be installed. Sites that you know for sure are above feeling can be moved to the Trusted Zone in Internet Option/security.

If you use a further browser such as Firefox or Netscape, see their certification on how to strongly set it up anti any such internet threats.

Installing Anti-Spyware: Spyware, adware, browser hijackers, and dialers are some of the fastest-growing threats on the Internet today. By basically browsing to a web page, your mainframe may be converted into a victim. You can fit SpywareBlaster and SpywareGuard to actually guard your mainframe from such internet threats.

It includes Fast Real-Time Scanning engine for known spyware and heuristic/generic detection capabilities to catch new / mutated spyware and Download Guard along with Browser Hijacking Guard in real-time.

Simply download the software (free) from their website and fit it on your system. Make sure you download its most recent bring up to date too or make possible its Auto-Update aspect to be efficient certainly in the background. Now, when you are ready, run the software to check the spyware on your computer. When spyware are found, it hearsay accordingly. Press "select all", then press alternative "kill all checked". Even if it won't care for you from 100% spyware, But it is a very critical extra layer of protection.

Next, bed in a further software that is called Spybot Examination & Destroy. It works accurately like SpywareBlaster, but it never hurts to have a bend in half layer of spyware detection alongwith Spybot R&D.

Installing Anti-Adware: Adware is a collective term used to express potentially hazardous websites and scripts that do data-mining, aggressive advertising, Parasites, Scumware, select conventional Trojans, Dialers, Malware, Browser hijackers, and tracking components. There is a very good software called Ad-Aware obtainable to scan and cut off such nuisances from your system.

To start using it, cleanly visit Lavasoft USA website and download its free non-commercial description of Ad-Aware Individual Edition. Run its setup code and fit it. When prompted, ask it to scan your computer. If there are any adware found, it is detected and detached inevitably by Ad-Aware. Run this software on a weekly or daily basis, if doable to keep your classification clean.

In adding to the Ad-Aware, Internet Voyager comes with a very handy tool that allows you to block aspect sites that may carry well-known advertisers, marketers, crapware pushers to the Confidential sites Zone. If you had to input 50000+ of such sites manually yourself, it would takes years. Luckily, there is a software that does it all certainly and it is called IE-SPYAD. Once you merge this list of sites and domains into the Registry, the web sites for these companies will not be able to use cookies, ActiveX controls, Java applets, or scripting to bargain your privacy or your PC while you surf the Net. Nor will they be able to use your browser to push superfluous pop-ups, cookies, or auto-installing programs on your PC. It is not an ad blocker. It will stop top redundant crapware from being installed after your back via "drive-by-downloads"; avert the hijacking of your home page.

This Classified sites list is based in part on info from: deliberations in the SpywareInfo Forums and other forums that concentrate in crapware amputation major crapware good word sites: doxdesk, cexx. org, Kephyr. com, PestPatrol and SpywareGuide.

To start using it, cleanly download it from their website and run its install. bat file. Make sure you run its inform as well soon after its installation.

INSTALLING FIREWALL: A firewall software acts as a cover buffer adjacent to hackers, intruders, and blocks contact attempts to your computer. ZoneAlarm is a certified firewall software that works in a furtiveness mode by design and makes your laptop disguised to a person on the Internet.

Download it from ZoneLabs website and run its setup for installation. I commend you use its Communicate Settings which consequentially configures your most generally used software like browser, chat messengers, ftp software to contact internet, while blocks every other internet transfer in real-time. If any software or ceremony tries to upload or download any data, it pops up an alert whereby you can allow or deny such internet traffic.

Computer Slow Down: It is very conventional to see many belligerent about their cpu slow-down. The best ever and easiest cure is using Windows’ built-in Defragmenter utitlity that you can find in Startà Programs à Frills à Arrangement Utitlities à Disk Defragmantor and run thorough defragmantation. It will take a while ahead of it ends.

If your system’s act does not build up after in a row defragmantation utility, bear in mind scanning your central processing unit via a software benefit called HiJackThis which you can download and fit on your system. Use this tool cautiously as it is calculated for far ahead users only. HijackThis is a tool, that lists all installed browser add-on, buttons, startup items and allows you to inspect, and optionally cut off elected items. The agenda can conceive a encouragement of your earliest settings and also discount select items. Bonus skin texture add in a clear-cut list of all startup items, evade start page, online updates and more.

CWShredder is a advantage for removing CoolWebSearch (aka CoolWwwSearch, YouFindAll, White-Pages. ws and a dozen other names). This tool will find and annihilate all traces of the CoolWebSearch (CWS) hostage taker on your arrangement plus redirections, IE slowdowns, start page changes, un-authorized add-on of sites in IE Trusted Zone, and blocking admission to IE options or setup.

Download CWShredder from their approved website only as there is a akin named virus/trojan on the loose at a choice of websites which you may accidently download and install, hence develop into more infected than being cured instead. When it is installed successfully, run the software to scan your local machine. Cliquey the fix fasten & it will get rid of the whole lot connected to CoolWebSearch. Close ALL other programs & windows, together with IE, already in a row CWShredder. Reboot after doing this.

I know there is still a lot left, but as I sought to keep this tutorial as brief as possible, hence I roofed only the dangerous essentials here. I am sure you will have fewer breakdowns (if not ZERO0 and more productive hours on your computer. I would advise you to setup all the software’s auto fill in and auto-check options to free your time for more productive equipment than just live hide and seek with spywares, adwares or viruses. Happy and safe computing!

This critique is submitted by Kashif Raza http://www. networkingtutorials. net


Ingram Micro Link Helps Partners Close Deals, Build Bench Of Security Talent  CRN: The Biggest Tech News For Partners And The IT Channel

The Case for a National Security Budget  Foreign Affairs Magazine

The Good News About 5G Security  The Wall Street Journal

Developed by:
home | site map © 2019